The unification of the work and family life is not only a problem that is related to personal life, but it has an impact to the society as a whole. Therefore, more attention has been put on the problem on the state level.
The study shows that work and family life conflict and time scarcity is not an unfamiliar problem to the Estonian people. Half of the people sense that they do not have enough time for family life and half of the people see family life as an obstacle in work life. Men and women have no big differences in the problems, although the last problem is more related to men. Even though more than half the people feel that next to work and family commitments no time is spared on themeselves which is very usual with parents of small children. It is important to note that lack of time is more common with people of higher education. Next to practical problems and impacts that the work and family life unification provides, these conflicts can affect the happiness of people.
The unification of work and family life mainly happens on the workplace level despite what are the state policies. The most common method for employers are the solutions related to work organization. For example, most of the people need to deal with personal matters during work hours. Less common are the activities related to family values and monetart supports. Employers allow the parents with small children to change work organization and leave work to deal with family related condcuts but monetary support rarely exists.
When talking about flexible work forms we saw that the most flexible are the private enterprises, although with monetary support they have the least access“ – Marre Karu
The work and family life related attitudes are continually traditional, supporting multiple gender roles. For example, it is thought that women should be able to give up their work and focus more on raising small childern. At the same time it is believed that the state and grandparents have their own role to reduce obligations related to raising children.
Thereby womens opinions are more oneminded, mens behaviour spreads to multiple sheets. Because most of the surveyed could not state their opinion then this means that the opinions are still shaping and there is lot of room for policy design.