Children’s physical activity and the choice of movement on the way to school is a field of wide interest and several studies and interventions have also been carried out. It has been found that more active forms of movement in children increase general physical activity and are associated with physical fitness, lower body mass index, and smaller waist circumference. Physical activity is also accompanied by better mental health and reduced depressive symptoms, and active movement before the school day contributes to learning, while everyday movement also supports independence and communication skills in children.
However, evidence for behavioral interventions is scarce and of uneven quality, as the tradition of interventions has been more practical than academic. However, some conclusions can be drawn from the literature and certain interventions have had a positive impact. While physical activity on the way to school has been thoroughly proven to have positive effects on children’s health and well-being, the effectiveness of behavioral interventions promoting physical activity on the way to school is still unclear. In Estonia, the effectiveness of such interventions has not been studied, and their implementation has also taken place to a very limited extent and without planned approaches.
Praxis aims to fill this gap in knowledge and investigate the feasibility and acceptability of the school mobility intervention program by the participants (children, parents) and implementers (school staff) of the interventions. For this purpose, we describe the important parameters of the feasibility and acceptability of the interventions, based on which changes can be made in the interventions or subsequent monitoring activities can be carried out.