Home injuries are a major health problem in Estonia, and effective and efficient prevention and intervention methods are essential to better manage the consequences of the problem. Based on the data, it is especially important to pay attention to the elderly and children. While at least 48% of injuries among those aged 65–74 have occurred at home, the proportion is already close to 60% among those aged 85 and older. A large proportion of injuries to children under the age of 5 have also occurred at home (75%). The main cause of injuries to both the elderly and young children in the home environment is falling.
For these age groups, it is important that injury prevention is a targeted action and that effective interventions are in place to prevent injuries and deaths. An overview of the practices and interventions applied abroad, which could be applied in Estonia if possible, will help in selecting appropriate measures to do so. In general, home safety assessment methods include a thorough review of potential risks in the home environment and the identification of hazards both outside the home (poor lighting, uneven walking surfaces, obstacles) and inside (risk of slipping, stairs, slippery surfaces, no handrails or hazards in the bathroom).