Each year, nearly number of 50 full of class disabilities are determined under the 16-year-old children, half of these cases, severe disability. These figures show that there are many children who because of their medical condition are requiring special attention in order to acquire education. According to adopted Basic and Secondary Schools Act (in 2010), such children are among the students of educational special needs. They are not exempt from the obligation of the school and the country must provide all the conditions for these children to acquire education.
One of the biggest unresolved issue is related to children with normal mental health, who are prevented from normal school attendance because of a a physical (somatic) diseases (such as asthma, diabetes, etc.). The current understanding is that such children are able to create a suitable learning environment in a sanatorium school.
In the framework of the project „Praxise Mõttehommik“ was carried out, which was preceded by a policy analysis. The analysis examines what could be done since the situation has changed and what is the role of the sanatorium schools and which are good alternatives for children with special needs to obtain education in normal schools.