Screening for congenital diseases was implemented in Estonia almost 20 years ago (screening for phenylketonuria started in 1993 and for congenital hypothyroidism in 1996). This project was officially launched in 2003 with the aim to include all newborns in the screening. Every year nearly all newborns are screened for the aforementioned diseases (15,000 children a year on average). The aim of the project is well accomplished and by 2008 over 99% of newborns are involved in the screenings (see the graph).
Evaluation of Estonian Health Insurance Fund’s Project for Prevention of Hereditary Diseases